In this article, we examine the latest developments with respect to China’s new Cybersecurity Law (CSL), which came into operation on 1 June 2017. The first development relating to the CSL and the related measures include high-profile enforcement actions taken by local authorities including The Cyberspace Administration of China against businesses for violations of the CSL. Gabriela and Qi reiterate the importance of reviewing and monitoring existing policies and practices to ensure compliance with the CSL. We also discuss the communication submitted by the United States to the World Trade Organisation’s Council for Trade in Services on 25 September 2017 outlining its concerns with the CSL, particularly those surrounding data localisation and cross-border transfer assessment requirements.

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